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Сервер 1С 8.1 под Linux (файловый и серверный варианты)

Существует уже не одна своя статья в сети о том как устанавливать сервер [advert=103]1С[/advert] Предприятия под Линукс, но я решил поделиться собственным опытом, полной настройки сервера.
Итак, первое и самое главное: сервер технологической платформы 1С 8.1 базируется на дистрибутивах основанных на Red Hat (но сие не означает, что подойдет любой rpm-дистрибутив, SuSE и Mandriva не подходят 100%, o Debian, Ubuntu, Slackware даже не стоить и думать).

Автор Xramovnik. Оригинал статьи http://www.nclug.ru/content.php?article.160

Разобью установку на пункты:

1. Организация дискового пространства
Не буду вдаваться в подробности, просто скажу, что база данных PostgeSQL, используемая 1С хранит все базы данных в разделе /var/lib/pgsql/data/, то естественно необходимо отвести под этот раздел как можно больше свободного места, т.к. временные файлы база данных складывает в том же разделе. Под /home достаточно будет 1Гб, в нем 1С будет производить только регистрацию пользователя и делать всякие мелкие записи.

2. Установка системы.
Устанавливать систему нужно в минимальной установке, XServer для работы не нужен, необходимы пакеты samba, winbind понадобится вам если будете вгонять машину в состав домена Windows, хотя на мой взгляд это совершенно лишнее. Ни в коем случае не устанавливайте PostgreSQL идущий в составе дистрибутива! 1С использует пропатченную версию дистрибутива базы данных. Но некоторые дистрибутивы типа Fedora любят втихую все же поставить Postgres, но об этой беде ниже.

3. Настройка сервера samba
1С использует авторизацию на сервере через сервер samba, поэтому его установка необходима, так же он должен стартовать при автозагрузке. Здесь я приведу пример конфигурационного файла самбы для варианта, когда машина находится не в домене windows.

[global]

# ----------------------- Netwrok Related Options -------------------------
#
# workgroup = NT-Domain-Name or Workgroup-Name, eg: MIDEARTH
#
# server string is the equivalent of the NT Description field
#
# netbios name can be used to specify a server name not tied to the hostname
#
# Interfaces lets you configure Samba to use multiple interfaces
# If you have multiple network interfaces then you can list the ones
# you want to listen on (never omit localhost)
#
# Hosts Allow/Hosts Deny lets you restrict who can connect, and you can
# specifiy it as a per share option as well
#
workgroup = ajur
server string = Linux 1C server
netbios name = serv1c

; interfaces = lo eth0 192.168.12.2/24 192.168.13.2/24
; hosts allow = 127. 192.168.12. 192.168.13.

# --------------------------- Logging Options -----------------------------
#
# Log File let you specify where to put logs and how to split them up.
#
# Max Log Size let you specify the max size log files should reach

# logs split per machine
log file = /var/log/samba/log.%m
# max 50KB per log file, then rotate
max log size = 50

# ----------------------- Standalone Server Options ------------------------
#
# Scurity can be set to user, share(deprecated) or server(deprecated)
#
# Backend to store user information in. New installations should
# use either tdbsam or ldapsam. smbpasswd is available for backwards
# compatibility. tdbsam requires no further configuration.

security = share
; passdb backend = tdbsam


# ----------------------- Domain Members Options ------------------------
#
# Security must be set to domain or ads
#
# Use the realm option only with security = ads
# Specifies the Active Directory realm the host is part of
#
# Backend to store user information in. New installations should
# use either tdbsam or ldapsam. smbpasswd is available for backwards
# compatibility. tdbsam requires no further configuration.
#
# Use password server option only with security = server or if you can't
# use the DNS to locate Domain Controllers
# The argument list may include:
# password server = My_PDC_Name [My_BDC_Name] [My_Next_BDC_Name]
# or to auto-locate the domain controller/s
# password server = *


; security = domain
; passdb backend = tdbsam
; realm = MY_REALM

; password server =



# ----------------------- Domain Controller Options ------------------------
#
# Security must be set to user for domain controllers
#
# Backend to store user information in. New installations should
# use either tdbsam or ldapsam. smbpasswd is available for backwards
# compatibility. tdbsam requires no further configuration.
#
# Domain Master specifies Samba to be the Domain Master Browser. This
# allows Samba to collate browse lists between subnets. Don't use this
# if you already have a Windows NT domain controller doing this job
#
# Domain Logons let Samba be a domain logon server for Windows workstations.
#
# Logon Scrpit let yuou specify a script to be run at login time on the client
# You need to provide it in a share called NETLOGON
#
# Logon Path let you specify where user profiles are stored (UNC path)
#
# Various scripts can be used on a domain controller or stand-alone
# machine to add or delete corresponding unix accounts
#
; security = user
; passdb backend = tdbsam

; domain master = yes
; domain logons = yes

# the login script name depends on the machine name
; logon script = %m.bat
# the login script name depends on the unix user used
; logon script = %u.bat
; logon path = %LProfiles%u
# disables profiles support by specifing an empty path
; logon path =

; add user script = /usr/sbin/useradd "%u" -n -g users
; add group script = /usr/sbin/groupadd "%g"
; add machine script = /usr/sbin/useradd -n -c "Workstation (%u)" -M -d /nohome -s /bin/false "%u"
; delete user script = /usr/sbin/userdel "%u"
; delete user from group script = /usr/sbin/userdel "%u" "%g"
; delete group script = /usr/sbin/groupdel "%g"


# ----------------------- Browser Control Options ----------------------------
#
# set local master to no if you don't want Samba to become a master
# browser on your network. Otherwise the normal election rules apply
#
# OS Level determines the precedence of this server in master browser
# elections. The default value should be reasonable
#
# Preferred Master causes Samba to force a local browser election on startup
# and gives it a slightly higher chance of winning the election
; local master = no
; os level = 33
; preferred master = yes

#----------------------------- Name Resolution -------------------------------
# Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section:
# Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client, but NOT both
#
# - WINS Support: Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable it's WINS Server
#
# - WINS Server: Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS Client
#
# - WINS Proxy: Tells Samba to answer name resolution queries on
# behalf of a non WINS capable client, for this to work there must be
# at least one WINS Server on the network. The default is NO.
#
# DNS Proxy - tells Samba whether or not to try to resolve NetBIOS names
# via DNS nslookups.

; wins support = yes
; wins server = w.x.y.z
; wins proxy = yes

; dns proxy = yes

# --------------------------- Printing Options -----------------------------
#
# Load Printers let you load automatically the list of printers rather
# than setting them up individually
#
# Cups Options let you pass the cups libs custom options, setting it to raw
# for example will let you use drivers on your Windows clients
#
# Printcap Name let you specify an alternative printcap file
#
# You can choose a non default printing system using the Printing option

; load printers = yes
; cups options = raw

; printcap name = /etc/printcap
#obtain list of printers automatically on SystemV
; printcap name = lpstat
; printing = cups

# --------------------------- Filesystem Options ---------------------------
#
# The following options can be uncommented if the filesystem supports
# Extended Attributes and they are enabled (usually by the mount option
# user_xattr). Thess options will let the admin store the DOS attributes
# in an EA and make samba not mess with the permission bits.
#
# Note: these options can also be set just per share, setting them in global
# makes them the default for all shares

; map archive = no
; map hidden = no
; map read only = no
; map system = no
; store dos attributes = yes


#============================ Share Definitions ==============================

[links]
comment = server 1C
path = /home/links
browseable = yes
guest ok = yes
writable = yes
; valid users = %S
; valid users = MYDOMAIN%S

;[printers]
; comment = All Printers
; path = /var/spool/samba
; browseable = no
; guest ok = no
; writable = no
; printable = yes

# Un-comment the following and create the netlogon directory for Domain Logons
; [netlogon]
; comment = Network Logon Service
; path = /var/lib/samba/netlogon
; guest ok = yes
; writable = no
; share modes = no


# Un-comment the following to provide a specific roving profile share
# the default is to use the user's home directory
; [Profiles]
; path = /var/lib/samba/profiles
; browseable = no
; guest ok = yes


# A publicly accessible directory, but read only, except for people in
# the "staff" group
; [public]
; comment = Public Stuff
; path = /home/samba
; public = yes
; writable = yes
; printable = no
; write list = +staff


Конечно же папка /home/links должна существовать и права доступа к ней должны быть установлены в 777. После настроек ресурс links будет доступен для чтения и записи с машин Windows.

4. Установка сервера 1С
Итак система готова к использованию, установлены все необходимые базовые пакеты. Устанавливаем пакеты сервера в следующей последовательности:

1C_Enterprise-common-8.1.7-37.i386.rpm
1C_Enterprise-common-nls-8.1.7-37.i386.rpm
1C_Enterprise-server-8.1.7-37.i386.rpm
1C_Enterprise-server-nls-8.1.7-37.i386.rpm

если будете использовать веб-сервисы то установите и

1C_Enterprise-ws-8.1.7-37.i386.rpm
1C_Enterprise-ws-nls-8.1.7-37.i386.rpm

Можно устанавливать как из графической оболочки, так и из командной строки директивами
rpm -ivh <имя_пакета>
если производите обновление пакетов то
rpm -ivh -U --force <имя_пакета>
Все. Установка сервера закончнеа, переходим к установке сервера баз данных.


5. Установка PostgreSQL
Все операции также производить от имени пользователя root. Устанавливаем пакеты в следующей последовательности:

postgresql-libs-8.1.5-12.1C.i386.rpm
postgresql-8.1.5-12.1C.i386.rpm
postgresql-server-8.1.5-12.1C.i386.rpm
postgresql-pl-8.1.5-12.1C.i386.rpm
postgresql-contrib-8.1.5-12.1C.i386.rpm

Установку лучше сразу производить форсированым обновлением: rpm -ivh -U --force <имя_пакета>
Инициализируем базу данных с кодировкой UTF-8: LANG-ru_RU.utf8 /etc/init.d/postgresql start
Правим файл /var/lib/pgsql/data/postgresql.conf до следующего вида:

# -----------------------------
# PostgreSQL configuration file
# -----------------------------
#
# This file consists of lines of the form:
#
# name = value
#
# (The '=' is optional.) White space may be used. Comments are introduced
# with '#' anywhere on a line. The complete list of option names and
# allowed values can be found in the PostgreSQL documentation. The
# commented-out settings shown in this file represent the default values.
#
# Please note that re-commenting a setting is NOT sufficient to revert it
# to the default value, unless you restart the postmaster.
#
# Any option can also be given as a command line switch to the
# postmaster, e.g. 'postmaster -c log_connections=on'. Some options
# can be changed at run-time with the 'SET' SQL command.
#
# This file is read on postmaster startup and when the postmaster
# receives a SIGHUP. If you edit the file on a running system, you have
# to SIGHUP the postmaster for the changes to take effect, or use
# "pg_ctl reload". Some settings, such as listen_addresses, require
# a postmaster shutdown and restart to take effect.


#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# FILE LOCATIONS
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------

# The default values of these variables are driven from the -D command line
# switch or PGDATA environment variable, represented here as ConfigDir.

#data_directory = 'ConfigDir' # use data in another directory
#hba_file = 'ConfigDir/pg_hba.conf' # host-based authentication file
#ident_file = 'ConfigDir/pg_ident.conf' # IDENT configuration file

# If external_pid_file is not explicitly set, no extra pid file is written.
#external_pid_file = '(none)' # write an extra pid file


#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# CONNECTIONS AND AUTHENTICATION
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------

# - Connection Settings -

listen_addresses = '*' # what IP address(es) to listen on;
# comma-separated list of addresses;
# defaults to 'localhost', '*' = all
#port = 5432
max_connections = 100
# note: increasing max_connections costs ~400 bytes of shared memory per
# connection slot, plus lock space (see max_locks_per_transaction). You
# might also need to raise shared_buffers to support more connections.
#superuser_reserved_connections = 2
#unix_socket_directory = ''
#unix_socket_group = ''
#unix_socket_permissions = 0777 # octal
#bonjour_name = '' # defaults to the computer name

# - Security & Authentication -

#authentication_timeout = 60 # 1-600, in seconds
#ssl = off
#password_encryption = on
#db_user_namespace = off

# Kerberos
#krb_server_keyfile = ''
#krb_srvname = 'postgres'
#krb_server_hostname = '' # empty string matches any keytab entry
#krb_caseins_users = off

# - TCP Keepalives -
# see 'man 7 tcp' for details

#tcp_keepalives_idle = 0 # TCP_KEEPIDLE, in seconds;
# 0 selects the system default
#tcp_keepalives_interval = 0 # TCP_KEEPINTVL, in seconds;
# 0 selects the system default
#tcp_keepalives_count = 0 # TCP_KEEPCNT;
# 0 selects the system default


#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# RESOURCE USAGE (except WAL)
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------

# - Memory -

shared_buffers = 3500 # min 16 or max_connections*2, 8KB each
#temp_buffers = 1000 # min 100, 8KB each
#max_prepared_transactions = 5 # can be 0 or more
# note: increasing max_prepared_transactions costs ~600 bytes of shared memory
# per transaction slot, plus lock space (see max_locks_per_transaction).
#work_mem = 1024 # min 64, size in KB
#maintenance_work_mem = 16384 # min 1024, size in KB
#max_stack_depth = 2048 # min 100, size in KB

# - Free Space Map -

#max_fsm_pages = 20000 # min max_fsm_relations*16, 6 bytes each
#max_fsm_relations = 1000 # min 100, ~70 bytes each

# - Kernel Resource Usage -

#max_files_per_process = 1000 # min 25
#preload_libraries = ''

# - Cost-Based Vacuum Delay -

#vacuum_cost_delay = 0 # 0-1000 milliseconds
#vacuum_cost_page_hit = 1 # 0-10000 credits
#vacuum_cost_page_miss = 10 # 0-10000 credits
#vacuum_cost_page_dirty = 20 # 0-10000 credits
#vacuum_cost_limit = 200 # 0-10000 credits

# - Background writer -

#bgwriter_delay = 200 # 10-10000 milliseconds between rounds
#bgwriter_lru_percent = 1.0 # 0-100% of LRU buffers scanned/round
#bgwriter_lru_maxpages = 5 # 0-1000 buffers max written/round
#bgwriter_all_percent = 0.333 # 0-100% of all buffers scanned/round
#bgwriter_all_maxpages = 5 # 0-1000 buffers max written/round


#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# WRITE AHEAD LOG
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------

# - Settings -

#fsync = on # turns forced synchronization on or off
#wal_sync_method = fsync # the default is the first option
# supported by the operating system:
# open_datasync
# fdatasync
# fsync
# fsync_writethrough
# open_sync
#full_page_writes = on # recover from partial page writes
#wal_buffers = 8 # min 4, 8KB each
#commit_delay = 0 # range 0-100000, in microseconds
#commit_siblings = 5 # range 1-1000

# - Checkpoints -

#checkpoint_segments = 3 # in logfile segments, min 1, 16MB each
#checkpoint_timeout = 300 # range 30-3600, in seconds
#checkpoint_warning = 30 # in seconds, 0 is off

# - Archiving -

#archive_command = '' # command to use to archive a logfile
# segment


#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# QUERY TUNING
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------

# - Planner Method Configuration -

#enable_bitmapscan = on
#enable_hashagg = on
#enable_hashjoin = on
#enable_indexscan = on
#enable_mergejoin = on
#enable_nestloop = on
#enable_seqscan = on
#enable_sort = on
#enable_tidscan = on

# - Planner Cost Constants -

effective_cache_size = 10000 # typically 8KB each
#random_page_cost = 4 # units are one sequential page fetch
# cost
#cpu_tuple_cost = 0.01 # (same)
#cpu_index_tuple_cost = 0.001 # (same)
#cpu_operator_cost = 0.0025 # (same)

# - Genetic Query Optimizer -

#geqo = on
#geqo_threshold = 12
#geqo_effort = 5 # range 1-10
#geqo_pool_size = 0 # selects default based on effort
#geqo_generations = 0 # selects default based on effort
#geqo_selection_bias = 2.0 # range 1.5-2.0

# - Other Planner Options -

#default_statistics_target = 10 # range 1-1000
#constraint_exclusion = off
#from_collapse_limit = 8
#join_collapse_limit = 8 # 1 disables collapsing of explicit
# JOINs


#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# ERROR REPORTING AND LOGGING
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------

# - Where to Log -

#log_destination = 'stderr' # Valid values are combinations of
# stderr, syslog and eventlog,
# depending on platform.

# This is used when logging to stderr:
redirect_stderr = on # Enable capturing of stderr into log
# files

# These are only used if redirect_stderr is on:
log_directory = 'pg_log' # Directory where log files are written
# Can be absolute or relative to PGDATA
log_filename = 'postgresql-%a.log' # Log file name pattern.
# Can include strftime() escapes
log_truncate_on_rotation = on # If on, any existing log file of the same
# name as the new log file will be
# truncated rather than appended to. But
# such truncation only occurs on
# time-driven rotation, not on restarts
# or size-driven rotation. Default is
# off, meaning append to existing files
# in all cases.
log_rotation_age = 1440 # Automatic rotation of logfiles will
# happen after so many minutes. 0 to
# disable.
log_rotation_size = 0 # Automatic rotation of logfiles will
# happen after so many kilobytes of log
# output. 0 to disable.

# These are relevant when logging to syslog:
#syslog_facility = 'LOCAL0'
#syslog_ident = 'postgres'


# - When to Log -

#client_min_messages = notice # Values, in order of decreasing detail:
# debug5
# debug4
# debug3
# debug2
# debug1
# log
# notice
# warning
# error

#log_min_messages = notice # Values, in order of decreasing detail:
# debug5
# debug4
# debug3
# debug2
# debug1
# info
# notice
# warning
# error
# log
# fatal
# panic

#log_error_verbosity = default # terse, default, or verbose messages

#log_min_error_statement = panic # Values in order of increasing severity:
# debug5
# debug4
# debug3
# debug2
# debug1
# info
# notice
# warning
# error
# panic(off)

#log_min_duration_statement = -1 # -1 is disabled, 0 logs all statements
# and their durations, in milliseconds.

#silent_mode = off # DO NOT USE without syslog or
# redirect_stderr

# - What to Log -

#debug_print_parse = off
#debug_print_rewritten = off
#debug_print_plan = off
#debug_pretty_print = off
#log_connections = off
#log_disconnections = off
#log_duration = off
#log_line_prefix = '' # Special values:
# %u = user name
# %d = database name
# %r = remote host and port
# %h = remote host
# %p = PID
# %t = timestamp (no milliseconds)
# %m = timestamp with milliseconds
# %i = command tag
# %c = session id
# %l = session line number
# %s = session start timestamp
# %x = transaction id
# %q = stop here in non-session
# processes
# %% = '%'
# e.g. '<%u%%%d> '
#log_statement = 'none' # none, mod, ddl, all
#log_hostname = off


#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# RUNTIME STATISTICS
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------

# - Statistics Monitoring -

#log_parser_stats = off
#log_planner_stats = off
#log_executor_stats = off
#log_statement_stats = off

# - Query/Index Statistics Collector -

#stats_start_collector = on
#stats_command_string = off
#stats_block_level = off
stats_row_level = off
#stats_reset_on_server_start = off


#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# AUTOVACUUM PARAMETERS
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------

autovacuum = on # enable autovacuum subprocess?
#autovacuum_naptime = 60 # time between autovacuum runs, in secs
#autovacuum_vacuum_threshold = 1000 # min # of tuple updates before
# vacuum
#autovacuum_analyze_threshold = 500 # min # of tuple updates before
# analyze
#autovacuum_vacuum_scale_factor = 0.4 # fraction of rel size before
# vacuum
#autovacuum_analyze_scale_factor = 0.2 # fraction of rel size before
# analyze
#autovacuum_vacuum_cost_delay = -1 # default vacuum cost delay for
# autovac, -1 means use
# vacuum_cost_delay
#autovacuum_vacuum_cost_limit = -1 # default vacuum cost limit for
# autovac, -1 means use
# vacuum_cost_limit


#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# CLIENT CONNECTION DEFAULTS
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------

# - Statement Behavior -

#search_path = '$user,public' # schema names
#default_tablespace = '' # a tablespace name, '' uses
# the default
#check_function_bodies = on
#default_transaction_isolation = 'read committed'
#default_transaction_read_only = off
#statement_timeout = 0 # 0 is disabled, in milliseconds

# - Locale and Formatting -

#datestyle = 'iso, mdy'
#timezone = unknown # actually, defaults to TZ
# environment setting
#australian_timezones = off
#extra_float_digits = 0 # min -15, max 2
#client_encoding = sql_ascii # actually, defaults to database
# encoding

# These settings are initialized by initdb -- they might be changed
lc_messages = 'ru_RU.utf-8' # locale for system error message
# strings
lc_monetary = 'ru_RU.utf-8' # locale for monetary formatting
lc_numeric = 'ru_RU.utf-8' # locale for number formatting
lc_time = 'ru_RU.utf-8' # locale for time formatting

# - Other Defaults -

#explain_pretty_print = on
#dynamic_library_path = '$libdir'


#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# LOCK MANAGEMENT
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------

#deadlock_timeout = 1000 # in milliseconds
max_locks_per_transaction = 150 # min 10
# note: each lock table slot uses ~220 bytes of shared memory, and there are
# max_locks_per_transaction * (max_connections + max_prepared_transactions)
# lock table slots.


#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# VERSION/PLATFORM COMPATIBILITY
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------

# - Previous Postgres Versions -

#add_missing_from = off
#backslash_quote = safe_encoding # on, off, or safe_encoding
default_with_oids = on
#escape_string_warning = off
#regex_flavor = advanced # advanced, extended, or basic
#sql_inheritance = on

# - Other Platforms & Clients -

#transform_null_equals = off


#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# CUSTOMIZED OPTIONS
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------

#custom_variable_classes = '' # list of custom variable class names

Собственно тут исправлены 2 строки:

defaut_with_oids = on
stats_row_level = off

Затем правим /var/lib/pgsql/data/pg_hba.conf

# TYPE DATABASE USER CIDR-ADDRESS METHOD

# IPv4 local connections:
#host all all 127.0.0.1/32 trust
# IPv6 local connections:
#host all all ::1/128 trust
host all postgres 127.0.0.1/32 trust
host all all 0.0.0.0/0 md5


Строка host all postgres 127.0.0.1/32 trust необходима чтобы можно было выполнять бэкапирование базы данных утилитой pg_dump без ввода пароля. Перезагружаем сервер постгреса командой /etc/init.d/postgresql restart. Входим в консоль PostgreSQL командой psql -h localhost postgres postgres. На запрос пароля отвечаем так же postgres. Обязательно нужно сменить пароль пользователя postgres, т.к. этот пользователь может все. Для этого в консоли pgsql пишем:
ALTER USER postgres PASSWORD 'new_pass'; и выходим из консоли командой q.
Ну вот собственно и все готово. Перезагружаем машину и переходим в консоль управления серверами 1С Предприятия.

6. Содание базы данных 1С
Создавать базы данных необходимо только из консоли управления!!! Созданые непосредственно постгрессом базы не воспринимаются сервером 1С (несовпадение типов).

7. Создание резервных копий
Производится утилитой pg_dump:
pg_dump -h localhost -U postgres <имя_базы_данных> | gzip > <имя_бэкапа>
Восстановление из бэкапа с помозью команды
cat <имя_бэкапа> | gunzip | psql -h localhost -U postgres <имя_базы_данных>
Внимание!!! Бэкап восстанавливать только в пустую базу. Для этого необходимо уничтожить существующую БД командой dropdb -h localhost -U postgres <база_данных> и тут же создать новую: createdb -h localhost -U postgres <база_данных> и в нее ресторить бэкап.

Вот вроде и все, если будут вопросы пишите.

Мнения
 
Оченьзлой, на сайте работает система сообщения об ошибках. Если вы увидели грамматическую ошибку, то выделите её мышью и нажмите Ctrl+V. Ошибки исправляются оперативно. :)
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>>но сие не означает, что подойдет любой rpm-дистрибутив, SuSE и Mandriva не подходят 100%, o Debian, Ubuntu, Slackware даже не стоить и думать Вот тут вы не правы. У меня прекрасно работает сервер под слакой уже год.
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А под FreeBSD будет работать? И почему вся база валится в /VAR Все нормальные люди всегда все данные в /USR сбрасывают и для этого этот раздел ВСЕГДА самый большой!!! Наверное опять извраты 1С. Не могут свой продукт, выпускаемый уже лет 15 довести до нормального состояния!!!
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Pushistik,в linux-системах часто изменяемые данные ВСЕГДА хранятся в /var (от слова variable), к ним относятся файлы БД. /usr далеко не всегда самый большой.

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Pushistik, у нормальных людей в /usr хранятся бинарники исполняемые, да все то, что неизменно должно быть на продакшен сервере. а вот как раз в /var - все изменяемое (логи, базы, почта и пр.) и как раз /var - самый большой должен быть.

Люди которым это нравится